Spectrum Rotate

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Introduction

Result of a Spectrum Rotate computing displaying the spectral content by frequency in funtion of the direction

This tool is used to obtain the Fourier amplitude spectra in the horizontal plane, i.e., as a function of azimuth, from any type of 3D vibration signals (ambient vibrations, earthquake…). The example used for explanations is an ambient vibration recording on soil.

Here, a series of spectra is calculated from 0° to 180° every 10 °, and is presented in a frequency-azimuth graphic. This graphic can be used to analyse the repartition of the energy in the horizontal plane. Results are displayed between 0° and 180°, the 180-360° being a symetry of the 0-180°.

As for the other tools, the data can be processed:

  • from a graphic viewer, to verify the windowing and to display the results;
  • from a table. In this case, Geopsy will display only the resulting curves.

A global description of the Spectrum rotate Toolbox is available for more details.

This tool is very similar to the Spectrum Toolbox in its use.

There are only two differences between this tool and the Spectrum tool:

  • there is no possibility to automatically save a file with the spectrum curves;
  • the computing of the Fourier amplitude spectra implies synchronous windows.

Getting ready

Window selection

General sub-tab in Time tab of toolbox

This part is devoted to define how the windowing will be calculated:

-use of an anti-trigger (LTA/STA) or not ?

-are bad sample accepted (and how many) ?

-overlap of the windows or not ?

-...

Raw signal sub-tab in Time tab of toolbox with the anti-trigger parameters
  • Click on the Raw signal, to check that anti-trigger parameters are as in the example window.


Select pop-up menu
  • Click on the Select button and select Auto into the pop-up menu.


Number of selected windows
  • The number of selected windows appears at the bottom right corner of the time tab. The number of windows should be as in the example.


Selected windows
  • Selected windows should appear as green rectangles on the signal viewer. Here, the windows are synchronous on the three components as we required a common windowing.


Processing parameters

Processing tab in Spectrum Rotate Toolbox
  • Click on the Processing tab, and make sure that parameters are as in the example window.


Output parameters

Output tab in toolbox
  • Make sure you are in the Output tab, and that parameters are as in the example window.


  • As mentioned before, it is impossible to save the curves in ASCII format.


Data processing

  • Click on Start button at the bottom of the toolbox, whatever tab is displayed. HV toolbox star.png


No selected windows pop-up window
  • In case no window selection has been performed, a pup-up window appears.

Simply click on the Yes button and processing will follow its way.

Results

Signal display

Signal displayed with colored windows used for computing spectrum rotate
  • Selected windows are colored.


Spectrum Rotate Graphic

Result of the computing, displaying the spectral content by frequency in funtion of the direction
  • The 0° direction indicates the North direction
  • The 90° direction indicates the East direction


  • Below the graphic displaying the the spectral content, there is a palette that allows the user to change the colouring characteristics of the graph.



Changing spectrum graphics appearance

Output tab showing an example to use a make-up
  • It is possible to change the appearance of the spectrum graphics at the user's will using a make-up.


Saving results

Pop-up menu to save rotate data

To save the results, it is possible to create a 3 columns file where the whole data will be saved (see file example).

Browser to save rotate data

To do so, the user has to make a "right click" inside the rotate graphic to save and select "Export values". A browser will open to choose a destination folder and file name.

Pop-up menu to save rotate graphics in individual graphic

There are two solutions to save the results graphically. The first one allows saving each individual graph in independant files and the second allows saving all the graphics onto the graphic window in a single file.

  • Saving the graphs in individual files
    • The spectrum graphics may be saved in various image formats.
    • Right click in the left hand margin of the spectrum graphic.
    • In the pop-up menu, choose Export image. Then choose a destination.
    • Saving individual file does not allow to save the palette in the saved graphic.



Pop-up menu to save rotate graphics in a global graphic file
  • Saving all the graphs in a single file
    • Select Export image in the File sub-menu.
      Directory were to save the graphics
    • Choose a destination folder, image format, and file name.


Pop-up menu to save the rotate graphics in page format

Another possibility is to save the graphic in a page format, compatible with Figue. In this case,

    • Select Save as... in the File sub-menu. A poo-up menu appears.
      Directory were to save the graphics
    • Choose a destination folder, image format, and file name.